Shortness Of Breath: Causes & Treatment

Shortness Of Breath the Causes & Treatment

Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnoea, can feel like a tightness in your chest, or like you’re gasping for air.

Dyspnoea, can be a frightening experience, leaving you gasping for air and struggling to fill your lungs. While it’s a common symptom, its origins can be diverse, ranging from lung issues to heart problems and even psychological factors. Learn how medical oxygen can alleviate shortness of breath. In this article, we will be discussing shortness of breath treatments and causes.


Causes of Dyspnoea

By understanding the potential causes of dyspnoea, you can better advocate for your health and seek timely medical attention when needed. Let’s delve deeper into some potential culprits behind this unsettling sensation:


Lung Conditions

Several lung conditions can cause shortness of breath:

  • Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition that causes the airways in your lungs to become narrowed and sensitive, leading to wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath, especially during exercise, exposure to allergens, or during respiratory infections.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease, often caused by smoking, that damages the airways and air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
  • Pneumonia is an infection of the lung tissue that can cause inflammation, fluid build-up, and difficulty breathing.


Heart Problems

Several types of heart conditions can also result in shortness of breath:

  • Congestive heart failure is a condition that weakens the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively, leading to fluid build-up in the lungs. Shortness of breath, especially when lying down or during exertion, is a significant symptom.
  • A heart attack comprises a sudden blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle that can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating, and nausea. It is a medical emergency, and seeking immediate medical attention is crucial.
  • Heart valve diseases: When heart valves malfunction, it can hinder the flow of blood, leading to shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain.



This condition occurs when your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells or haemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen.

This deficiency can leave you feeling short of breath, especially during physical activity, as your body struggles to deliver enough oxygen to your tissues.


Anxiety & Panic Attacks

While not a physical lung or heart issue, anxiety and panic attacks can trigger a feeling of shortness of breath. During these episodes, rapid breathing, chest tightness, and a sense of choking can occur due to the body’s “fight-or-flight” response.

However, unlike other causes, these symptoms typically resolve once the anxiety subsides.


Several other factors can contribute to shortness of breath. It’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment if you experience this symptom. They can conduct a thorough evaluation to identify the underlying cause and recommend the appropriate course of action.

By understanding the potential causes of dyspnoea, you can better advocate for your health and seek timely medical attention when needed.

The good news is that there are treatments available for shortness of breath, depending on the underlying cause.


Available Treatments for Shortness of Breath

Available Treatments for Shortness of Breath

Various treatments can address the underlying causes and alleviate this uncomfortable sensation. Let’s delve deeper into some common treatment options:



Inhalers are medication delivery devices that deliver medication directly to your lungs through your airways. They are a cornerstone treatment for various lung conditions like asthma and COPD, offering quick relief from bronchoconstriction and shortness of breath.

There are two main types of inhalers:

  • Bronchodilators relax the muscles surrounding the airways, opening them up and making it easier to breathe. They come in short-acting and long-acting forms, depending on the frequency and severity of your symptoms.
  • Inhaled Steroids help reduce inflammation in the airways, particularly beneficial for long-term management of asthma and COPD.



Depending on the underlying cause of your shortness of breath, your doctor might prescribe various medications:

If your shortness of breath is caused by a bacterial infection like pneumonia, antibiotics can help eliminate the infection and improve your breathing.

Diuretics help remove excess fluid from the body, which can be beneficial in cases of heart failure where fluid build-up in the lungs contributes to shortness of breath.

Various heart medications can be used to improve heart function and blood flow, addressing the root cause of shortness of breath in heart-related conditions.


Oxygen Machine Therapy

Oxygen machine therapy can provide supplemental oxygen to improve your breathing and alleviate shortness of breath.

This treatment involves delivering oxygen through various methods:

  • Nasal cannulas: These small tubes fit comfortably in your nostrils, delivering a continuous flow of oxygen.
  • Face masks: Covering your nose and mouth, these masks deliver a higher concentration of oxygen, often used during more severe cases of shortness of breath.
  • Oxygen concentrators: These devices electronically concentrate oxygen from the surrounding air, allowing for mobility and continued oxygen therapy outside the home.


The best treatment for shortness of breath depends on the underlying cause and your individual needs. Your doctor will consider various factors, including the severity of your symptoms, other health conditions you may have, and your lifestyle, to determine the most appropriate course of action.

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